When it comes to home interior design, seven is the magic number. This is how many elements and principles are in place for this practice and it always helps to start with the basics. Join us as we tell you everything you need to know about interior design, with a focus on the fundamentals that always need to be incorporated into every project.
Colour is much more than just an artistic consideration. It influences the feeling and mood of a space, evidenced by the fact that specific hues are conflated with certain emotions. Red is seen as intense and passionate, while blues and greens are viewed as more soothing and tranquil, and yellow is often associated with feelings of happiness and optimism. Try to think outside the box of your visual preferences alone and consider the attitude and energy you want to cultivate in a room as well.
In home interior design and its commercial equivalent, form and shape are interchangeable. It refers to the contours of the 3D objects, artworks, and furniture and is divided into two groups. Organic forms are abstract, curvy, irregular, and natural and geometric ones are those featuring man-made lines and sharper edges like squares and triangles.
Quality lighting is integral for any environment, whether these be artificial or natural or a combination of the two. Consider the colour of the light, whether it is cool or warm, and its intensity when designing.
Lines in home interior design refer to the perimeters of forms and shapes and these can be dynamic, horizontal, or vertical. Dynamic lines are exciting and fun, horizontal ones offer the viewer a sense of security, and vertical lines come across as bold and expressive.
Pattern can be defined as the intentional repetition of design elements like forms and lines and are most frequently seen on fabrics and wallpaper. They can appear anywhere, however, even in the way you use other design elements and even light. They can add life and movement to your surroundings, but because too many conflicting patterns can be chaotic, so you’ll need to tread lightly.
Texture refers to the way an item feels, be it literally or the sense it gives when one is looking at the object. You may, for example, describe a surface as vintage or weathered without touching it because the home interior design has successfully used texture to make this impression.
Texture needs to be very carefully considered because it plays a vital role especially in the areas of your home that you are in contact with most frequently, like the floor.
And space is at the heart of almost every home interior design decision. There are two basic kinds to consider, 2D, which accounts for a room’s length and width, and 3D, which covers height. So, you only need to think about 2D space when you are choosing carpets and rugs, but 3D space comes into play when it’s time to select furniture and shelving. It is also important to leave empty, or negative, space so that easy, fluid navigation through the room is possible and it’s interesting to look at.
These 7 elements for the fundamentals of home interior design and each one must be considered when planning your space.